NDA document - VPS
CONFIDENTIALITYAND NON DISCLOSURE AGREEMENT dated (“Agreement”), by and between Business Exits Inc, a California limited liability company (“Broker”), and , . (“Entity”).
BUYER ACKNOWLEDGEMENT OF INTRODUCTION AND CONFIDENTIALITY AGREEMENTThe undersigned Buyer acknowledges being first introduced to the business described as VPS Business (“Business”), by broker Business Exits Inc and requests Confidential Information (as defined below) about the Business. Such Confidential Information shall be provided to Buyer for the sole purpose of evaluating the possible purchase by Buyer of all or part of the Business. As used in thisagreement (“Agreement”), the term Buyer applies to the individual executing this Agreement and any entity on whose behalf the individual is executing this Agreement.
Buyer agrees as follows:1. NON-DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION: Buyer acknowledges that the owner of the Business (“Seller”) desires tomaintain the confidentiality of the Confidential Information (as defined below). Buyer agrees not to disclose or permit access to any Confidential Information, whether provided before or after execution of this Agreement, without the prior written consent of Seller, to anyone other than Buyer's legal counsel, accountants, lenders or other agents or advisors to whom disclosure or access is necessary for Buyer to evaluate the Business (collectively “Buyer Contacts”). Disclosure of Confidential Information shall be made to the Buyer Contacts only in connection with the potential acquisition of the Business, and then only if theBuyer Contacts understand and agree to maintain the confidentiality of such Confidential Information. Buyer shall be responsible for any breach of this Agreement by the Buyer Contacts, and neither Buyer nor the Buyer Contacts shall use or permit the use of Confidential Information in any manner whatsoever, except as may be required for Buyer to evaluate the Business. If the Buyer does not purchase the Business, Buyer or Buyer’s broker, at the earlier of the close of negotiations or within seven days of written demand by Seller or Seller’s broker, will destroy or return to Seller or Seller’s broker all informationprovided to Buyer and will not retain any copy, reproduction or record thereof. Notwithstanding the foregoing, Buyer may disclose Confidential Information pursuant to any governmental, judicial or administrative order, subpoena or discovery request, provided that Buyer uses reasonable efforts to notify Seller sufficiently in advance of Buyer’s response, so that Seller may seek to object to such order, subpoena or request.2. DEFINITION OF CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION: The term "Confidential Information" shall mean, in the broadest possible sense, all confidential, proprietary and trade secret information including, without limitation, the fact that the Businessis for sale, all financial, production, marketing and pricing information, business methods, business manuals, manufacturing procedures, correspondence, know-how, inventions, technical information, procedures, computer programs and systems, techniques, marketing plans and strategies, product or service information, research and product development results, customer and supplier lists and information. Confidential Information shall not include information that: (a) at the time of disclosure is in the public domain through no fault of, action or failure to act by Buyer; (b) becomes known to Buyer through a third-party source without violation of any obligation of confidentiality or any other wrongful act; (c) which Buyer can establish was independently known or developed by Buyer without use of any Confidential Information.3. BUYER RESPONSIBILITY AND DISCLAIMER OF BROKER LIABILITY: Based on information provided by sellers, brokers often prepare a summary description of the business which may include a cash flow projection, an adjusted income statement or a seller discretionary cash flow statement. Buyer understands that brokers do not audit or verify any information given to them or make any warranty or representation as to its accuracy or completeness, nor in any way guarantee future business performance. Buyer is solely responsible to examine and investigate the Business, its assets, liabilities, financialstatements, tax returns and any other facts which might influence Buyer's purchase decision or the price Buyer is willing to pay. Any decision by Buyer to purchase the Business shall be based solely on Buyer's own investigation and that of Buyer's legal, tax and other advisors and not that of brokers.4. NON-CIRCUMVENTION AGREEMENT: The Seller has entered into an agreement providing that Seller shall pay a fee to the Seller’s broker if, during the term of that agreement or up to twenty-four months thereafter, the Business is transferred to a buyer introduced by the Seller’s broker or a buyer’s broker. Buyer shall conduct all inquiries into and discussions about the Business solely through the broker identified above and shall not directly contact the Seller or the Seller's representatives without written authorization by the Seller’s broker. Should Buyer or any person or entity affiliated with Buyer purchase all or part of the Business, acquire any interest in, or become affiliated in any capacity with the Business without the involvement of the broker(s) or in any way interfere with either broker’s right to a fee, Buyer shall be liable to the broker(s) for such fee.
5. FURTHER TERMS: For a period of three years, Buyer will not contact Seller's employees, customers, landlords or suppliers, or otherwise observe the Business, without Seller's consent, nor shall Buyer directly or indirectly solicit for employment any employees of Seller. Seller and Seller's successors are specifically intended to be beneficiaries of the dutiesand obligations of this Agreement and may prosecute any action at law or in equity necessary to enforce its terms and conditions as though a party hereto. This Agreement can only be modified in writing, signed by both Buyer and Seller orSeller’s broker. Waiver of any breach of this Agreement shall not be a waiver of any subsequent breach. This Agreement supersedes all prior understandings or agreements between the parties with respect to its subject matter. This Agreementshall be construed under and governed by the laws of the State of California. The venue for any action instituted to enforce any terms of the Agreement shall be in the county in which the Business is located. Buyer acknowledges that it would beextremely difficult to measure the amount of damages to Seller arising from a breach or threatened breach of any provision of this Agreement, and that money damages would be an inadequate remedy. Seller shall be entitled to temporary andpermanent injunctive relief to restrain the Buyer from any such breach or threatened breach. This Agreement may be signed in counterparts and faxed and electronic signatures may be considered as originals. If Buyer is a corporation, partnership orother such entity, the undersigned executes this Agreement on behalf of Buyer and warrants that he or she is duly authorized to do so. In the event of any litigation to enforce this Agreement, the prevailing party shall be entitled to recover all costs andexpenses incurred, including reasonable attorneys' fees and court costs, in addition to such other relief as may be awarded. Buyer acknowledges receipt of a fully completed copy of this Agreement.
BROKER: Business Exits Inc.
Agency and Dual Agency: On the reverse of this form is printed a portion of California Civil Code section 2079.16, which requires disclosure of some concepts and definitions concerning the relationship between a principal and an agent in the sale of certain residential real estate. While the listing and sale of a business is not a transaction requiring the use of the form prescribed by that Code section, the information provided is completely applicable to the business sale context as well, and you are requested to read it carefully and acknowledge that you have been advised of its contents.
When a broker lists a business for sale, the broker becomes an “agent” representing the seller. The same broker also often works with prospective buyers, and by the nature of that relationship, becomes a buyer’s agent as well; this is called “dual agency.” Although a buyer and seller are sometimes represented by different agents of the same brokerage firm, this is also a dual agency, because the broker who employs each of the agents is really the agent for both parties.
Full Disclosure: Under California law, the buyer and the seller of a business are each required to fully and fairly disclose to the other, any and all information which is known to that party, or reasonably should be known, and which may or will be “material” to the other party’s decision to enter into the transaction. An agent must fully disclose all relevant information known to the agent to the party or parties that the agent represents. An agent, whether acting only for one party, or as a dual agent, must make the same such disclosures to the other party, or to the other party’s agent, and cannot withhold any material information which such agent may know, or in the exercise of reasonable diligence, should discover.
Price and Valuation: There is an exception to the rule that a dual agent must disclose all information in his or her possession. In representing both seller and buyer, the agent shall not, without the express permission of the respective party, disclose to the other party that the seller will accept a price less than the asking price or that the buyer will pay a price greater than the price offered, even though there otherwise might be a duty to do so. Likewise, a broker acting as a dual agent will not disclose valuations or appraisals prepared by the broker for the seller (but must disclose any comparable sales figures which may have been a major factor in such evaluation), nor the contents of any previous negotiations, contracts or offers between either the buyer or seller and any other parties. This is the only way negotiations can be conducted when the broker represents both the buyer and the seller.
Acknowledgment of Disclosure and Agreement to Dual Agency: Each party, by signing below, acknowledges and agrees that:
The party has carefully read and fully understands the matters discussed above, as well as the language of the statute quoted on the
reverse of this form, and has had the opportunity to ask questions and/or to seek the advice of legal counsel prior to signing below.
The Seller consents and agrees that the Broker representing said party may, in his discretion, act as an agent for any buyer or prospective buyer as well as for the Seller, as explained above and on the reverse hereof, and agrees to the conditions stated above.
The Buyer consents and agrees that the Broker representing the Seller will continue to do so even though said Broker will also represent the Buyer as a dual agent, understands all of the information stated above and on the reverse hereof and consents to such dual agency.
THIS FORM MAY BE SIGNED IN COUNTERPARTS. NOT ALL SIGNATURES ARE REQUIRED TO APPEAR ON THE SAME COPY. FACSIMILE SIGNATURES ARE ACCEPTABLE AND BINDING.
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Broker: JP Initial Entity:
Excerpt from CALIFORNIA CIVIL CODE § 2079.16
SELLER’S AGENT: When you enter into a discussion with a real estate agent regarding a real estate transaction, you should from the outset understand what type of agency relationship or representation you wish to have with the agent in the transaction.
A Seller’s agent under a listing agreement with the Seller acts as the agent for the Seller only. A Seller’s agent or a subagent of that agent has the following affirmative obligations:
To the Seller: A fiduciary duty of utmost care, integrity, honesty, and loyalty in dealings with the Seller. To the Buyer and the Seller:
(a) Diligent exercise of reasonable skill and care in performance of the agent’s duties.
(b) A duty of honest and fair dealing and good faith.
(c) A duty to disclose all facts known to the agent materially affecting the value or desirability of the property that are not known to, or
within the diligent attention and observation of, the parties.
BUYER’S AGENT: An agent is not obligated to reveal to either party any confidential information obtained from the other party that does not involve the affirmative duties set forth above.
A selling agent can, with a Buyer’s consent, agree to act as agent for the Buyer only. In these situations, the agent is not the Seller’s agent, even if by agreement the agent may receive compensation for services rendered, either in full or in part from the Seller. An agent acting only for a Buyer has the following affirmative obligations:
To the Buyer: A fiduciary duty of utmost care, integrity, honesty, and loyalty in dealings with the Buyer. To the Buyer and the Seller:
within the diligent attention and observation of, the parties. An agent is not obligated to reveal to either party any confidential information obtained from the other party that does not involve the affirmative duties set forth above.
AGENT REPRESENTING BOTH SELLER AND BUYER: A real estate agent, either acting directly or through one or more associate licensees, can legally be the agent of both the Seller and the Buyer in a transaction, but only with the knowledge and consent of both the Seller and the Buyer. In a dual agency situation, the agent has the following affirmative obligations to both the Seller and the Buyer:
(a) A fiduciary duty of utmost care, integrity, honesty, and loyalty in the dealings with either Seller or the Buyer.
(b) Other duties to the Seller and the Buyer as stated above in their respective sections.
In representing both Seller and Buyer, the agent may not, without the express permission of the respective party, disclose to the other party that the Seller will accept a price less than the listing price or that the Buyer will pay a price greater than the price offered.
The above duties of the agent in a real estate transaction do not relieve a Seller or Buyer from the responsibility to protect his or her own interests. You should carefully read all agreements to assure that they adequately express your understanding of the transaction. A real estate agent is a person qualified to advise about real estate. If legal or tax advice is desired, consult a competent professional.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, Broker and Entity have caused this Agreement to be executed on the date first above written.
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Signed by Jock Purtle
Signed On: December 13, 2018
If you have questions about the contents of this document, you can email the document owner.
Document Name: NDA document - VPS
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